Britannia is an ancient term for Great Britain, and also a female personification of the island. The name is Latin, and derives from the Greek form Prettanike or Brettaniai, which originally designated a collection of islands with individual names, including Albion or Great Britain. However, by the 1st century BC Britannia came to be used for Great Britain specifically.
In AD 43 the Roman Empire began its conquest of the island, establishing a province they called Britannia, which came to encompass the parts of the island south of Caledonia (roughly Scotland). The native Celtic inhabitants of the province are known as the Britons.
In the 2nd century Roman Britannia came to be personified as a goddess, armed with a spear and shield and wearing a centurion's helmet.
The Latin name Britannia long survived the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, and yielded the name for the island in most European and various other languages, including the English Britain and the modern Welsh Prydain.
After centuries of declining use, the Latin form was revived during the English Renaissance as a rhetorical evocation of a British national identity. Especially following the Acts of Union in 1707, which joined the Kingdoms of England and Scotland, the personification of the martial Britannia was used as an emblem of British imperial power and unity. She has appeared consistently on British coinage ever since.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Britannia". You can explore more on the Wikipedia website. The text and the images are used here only for educational purposes.
Más ejercicios para practicar inglés
Intermediate English Reading and Comprehension
Este libro contiene diversas lecturas con ejercicios para estudiantes de nivel intermedio. Es ideal para incorporar vocabulario, mejorar la comprensión y aprender estrategias de lectura. Ver más
Fast Forward Reading
Diseñado especialmente para estudiantes de nivel intermedio y avanzado, este libro incluye técnicas prácticas para leer más rápido, recordar más y comprender mejor cualquier texto. Ver más
English Reading: 10 Passages for English Learners
Un libro práctico con 10 lecturas para estudiantes intermedios, con ejercicios de comprensión que ayudan a prepararse para exámenes internacionales como TOEFL, TOEIC, IELTS. Ver más
Great Tales from English History: The truth about King Arthur, Lady Godiva, Richard the Lionheart, and more!