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English Vocabulary - Vocabulario de inglés
IDIOMATIC PAIRS
¿Qué es un idiom?
Un "idiom" o "idiomatic expression" es una frase idiomática utilizada en lenguaje coloquial informal. En general, el significado de la frase en sí es diferente al significado normal de cada palabra por separado. Por ejemplo, "to let the cat out of the bag" significa "revelar un secreto". Si traducimos palabra por palabra, sería "dejar salir al gato de la bolsa", lo cual es incorrecto.

La dificultad para los estudiantes de inglés radica en que no pueden traducirse literalmente y deben aprenderse de memoria, aunque en algunos casos existen equivalentes muy similares en el idioma español.

Lee las explicaciones de cada idiom y luego realiza el ejercicio.

Hemos reunido aquí una lista de las expresiones idiomáticas más comunes en que se utilizan dos palabras unidas por "and".

 

  • alive and kicking = in good health and active.
    I got a letter from Ronald, he's alive and kicking, working for an insurance company.
  • born and bred = born and educated.
    Helen was born and bred in London, that's why she always carries an umbrella.
  • bright and early = very early in the morning.
    We have to leave bright and early if we want to arrive there by 10.
  • cut and dried = final, decided (plans).
    Our plan is cut and dried: first we are going to the cinema, and then to the restaurant.
  • fair and square = in a fair way.
    We will pay for our part, let's make it fair and square.
  • high and dry = without any help.
    She was left high and dry, but she managed to get on with her life.
  • home and dry = sure of success.
    If you study a lot, you will be home and dry for the final exam.
  • on and on = without stopping.
    I've been cleaning the house all morning, and I still have to go on and on to finish.
  • rough and ready = not exact.
    I don't understand much about grammar but I can give you a rough and ready explanation.
  • round and round = in circles.
    I started to feel sick, everything was going round and round in my head.
  • safe and sound = unharmed.
    After being away for five months, we arrived home safe and sound.
  • short and sweet = without unnecessary details.
    A long letter of complaint would be annoying, so when you write it, try to make it short and sweet.
  • sick and tired = completely annoyed or tired of something/someone.
    I'm sick and tired of hearing about your trip to Russia.
  • wine and dine = have a meal with wine at a restaurant.
    For our anniversary I think we could wine and dine at that new restaurant that opened last week.

We thank Fania Reyes (from Monterrey, Mexico) for her suggestion.

Exercise
Choose the right answer.

1. Please, Andrew, shut up! I'm really  of your excuses.

2. The boss promised all the employees to keep the meeting .

3. Ingrid decided to get up , ready to start a new day.

4. This test is only a guide to the student's real knowledge.

5. She stared at the washing machine, just looking at the clothes going .

6. The beast was still .

7. Honestly, we should admit that they won the competition .

8. I don't think that this plan is as as you think.

Score:
   
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