¿Qué es un idiom?
Un "idiom" o "idiomatic expression" es una frase idiomática utilizada en lenguaje coloquial informal.
En general, el significado de la frase en sí es diferente al significado normal de cada palabra por separado. Por ejemplo, "to let the cat out of the bag" significa "revelar un secreto". Si traducimos palabra por palabra, sería "dejar salir al gato de la bolsa", lo cual es incorrecto.
La dificultad para los estudiantes de inglés radica en que no pueden traducirse literalmente y deben aprenderse de memoria, aunque en algunos casos existen equivalentes muy similares en el idioma español.
Lee las explicaciones y luego realiza el ejercicio.
Idioms with DOG
a dog's life = constantly worried, troubled or miserable
every dog has his day = everyone can succeed sooner or later
love me, love my dog = if one loves somebody, one should love everyone and everything associated with him
to be like a dog with two tails = to be very happy
to be as sick as a dog = be ill, vomiting a lot
to give a dog a bad name (and hang him) = once a person has lost his reputation, it's difficult to regain it
to go to the dog = (an organization) become less efficient
to let sleeping dogs lie = to let it be quiet
to make a dog's breakfast of something = to do something very badly
not to stand/have a dog's chance = to have no chance at all
to work like a dog = to work a lot
to treat somebody like a dog = to treat somebody with no respect at all
to die like a dog = to die in misery, with no honour nor dignity
dog eat dog = (adj) when people compete against each other and do
anything to get what they want; a dog eat dog world/situation.
the tail wagging the dog = situation in which a minor part of something controls the course of the whole
his bark is worse than his bite = perro que ladra no muerde
barking dogs seldom/never bite = people who look aggressive are not really too bad
you can't teach an old dog new tricks = it's difficult for an old person to change or do new things
top dog = person who has the most power in a group
the underdog = a person or team that is weaker than the others, and
is always expected to be unsuccessful
doggy bag = small bag for taking home the food that is left over from
a meal in a restaurant
We thank Marcela Bitetto (from Buenos Aires, Argentina) and Gabriel Mandrille (from Buenos Aires, Argentina) for their suggestions.
Choose the right answer.
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