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English Vocabulary - Vocabulario de inglés
IDIOMS WITH ANIMALS
¿Qué es un idiom?
Un "idiom" o "idiomatic expression" es una frase idiomática utilizada en lenguaje coloquial informal. En general, el significado de la frase en sí es diferente al significado normal de cada palabra por separado. Por ejemplo, "to let the cat out of the bag" significa "revelar un secreto". Si traducimos palabra por palabra, sería "dejar salir al gato de la bolsa", lo cual es incorrecto.

La dificultad para los estudiantes de inglés radica en que no pueden traducirse literalmente y deben aprenderse de memoria, aunque en algunos casos existen equivalentes muy similares en el idioma español.

Lee las explicaciones de cada idiom y luego realiza el ejercicio.

Idioms with DOG

  • a dog's life = constantly worried, troubled or miserable
  • every dog has his day = everyone can succeed sooner or later
  • love me, love my dog = if one loves somebody, one should love everyone and everything associated with him
  • to be like a dog with two tails = to be very happy
  • to give a dog a bad name (and hang him) = once a person has lost his reputation, it's difficult to regain it
  • to go to the dog = (an organization) become less efficient
  • to let sleeping dogs lie = to let it be quiet
  • to make a dog's breakfast of something = to do something very badly
  • not to stand/have a dog's chance = to have no chance at all
  • to work like a dog = to work a lot
  • to treat somebody like a dog = to treat somebody with no respect at all
  • to die like a dog = to die in misery, with no honour nor dignity
  • dog eat dog = (adj) when people compete against each other and do anything to get what they want; a dog eat dog world/situation.
  • the tail wagging the dog = situation in which a minor part of something controls the course of the whole
  • his bark is worse than his bite = perro que ladra no muerde
  • barking dogs seldom/never bite = people who look aggressive are not really too bad
  • you can't teach an old dog new tricks = it's difficult for an old person to change or do new things
  • top dog = person who has the most power in a group
  • the underdog = a person or team that is weaker than the others, and is always expected to be unsuccessful
  • doggy bag = small bag for taking home the food that is left over from a meal in a restaurant

We thank Marcela Bitetto (from Buenos Aires, Argentina) and Gabriel Mandrille (from Buenos Aires, Argentina) for their suggestions.

Exercise
Choose the right answer.

1. I think you are very tired because you . You shouldn't worry so much.

2. Tom doesn't like computers, he's not very interested in them either. You know what they say... .

3. I'm poor and I have no job, but I don't care. I know that .

4. Ellen works hard everyday and at weekends she has to take care of her family. She never goes out, I think she has .

5. I know I'm a bit strange for you, but you want to be with me... So, .

6. Since the new boss took over, this firm .

7. Nelson hasn't study at all, he of passing this exam!

Score:
   
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