Recursos para estudiantes de inglés de todos los niveles, profesores y traductores. Para aprender o mejorar tu inglés en forma divertida.
English Vocabulary - Vocabulario de inglés
¿Qué es un idiom?
Un "idiom" o "idiomatic expression" es una frase idiomática utilizada en lenguaje coloquial informal.

En general, el significado de la frase en sí es diferente al significado normal de cada palabra por separado. Por ejemplo, "to let the cat out of the bag" significa "revelar un secreto". Si traducimos palabra por palabra, sería "dejar salir al gato de la bolsa", lo cual es incorrecto.

La dificultad para los estudiantes de inglés radica en que no pueden traducirse literalmente y deben aprenderse de memoria, aunque en algunos casos existen equivalentes muy similares en el idioma español.

Lee las explicaciones de cada idiom e intenta recordarlos.

  • everything but the kitchen sink = used when somebody has brought too many things.
    Her suitcase is so heavy! I think she has brought everything but the kitchen sink!
  • if you can't stand the heat, get out of the kitchen = used to tell somebody that they should leave a situation if they cannot deal with the difficulties.
    You're always complaining about your job! If you can't stand the heat, get out of the kitchen!
  • the pot calling the kettle black = used humourously to say that you should not criticize somebody for something, because you have done the same thing.
    You're accusing me of being lazy? Look at you! The pot calling the kettle black!
  • a watched pot never boils = something that you are waiting for will not occur if you are thinking about it all the time.
    You'd better stop staring at the phone while you wait for her call. A watched pot never boils.
  • a flash in the pan = a sudden success that ends quickly and is unlikely to happen again.
    Her good luck was just a flash in the pan.
  • out of the frying pan and into the fire = go from a bad situation to one that is even worse.
    She was tired of working in an office and quit. Now she's working in a school and can't stand it either. Out of the frying pan into the fire.
  • to have a memory like a sieve = forget things easily.
    He doesn't remember anything about our journey. He has a memory like a sieve!
  • to have a bun in the oven = (used humourously) be pregnant.
    She can't walk up the stairs, she has a bun in the oven.
  • fresh from the oven = very new.
    This CD is fresh from the oven; it was released yesterday.
  • to give/hand/offer somebody something on a plate = let somebody get or achieve something easily, without much effort.
    Your son should work hard to buy his first car himself. You shouldn't give him everything on a plate.
  • to be born with a silver spoon in one's mouth = be born into a rich family.
    She has everything she wants. It's obvious that she was born with a silver spoon in her mouth.


Choose the right answer.

1. You should remind him about the meeting. He !

2. Her book has just been published, so it's .

3. Thomas worked hard to get what he's got now. It wasn't .

4. They thought their neighbourhood wasn't good and moved to a ghost town. They really went .

5. After two weeks of rain, we had a fabulous day yesterday. But in fact, it was just .

6. That's a lot of luggage there! Did you bring ?

7. That little princess was really !

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