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English Vocabulary - Vocabulario de inglés
IDIOMATIC PAIRS
¿Qué es un idiom?
Un "idiom" o "idiomatic expression" es una frase idiomática utilizada en lenguaje coloquial informal. En general, el significado de la frase en sí es diferente al significado normal de cada palabra por separado. Por ejemplo, "to let the cat out of the bag" significa "revelar un secreto". Si traducimos palabra por palabra, sería "dejar salir al gato de la bolsa", lo cual es incorrecto.

La dificultad para los estudiantes de inglés radica en que no pueden traducirse literalmente y deben aprenderse de memoria, aunque en algunos casos existen equivalentes muy similares en el idioma español.

Lee las explicaciones de cada idiom y luego realiza el ejercicio.

Hemos reunido aquí una lista de las expresiones idiomáticas más comunes en que se utilizan dos palabras unidas por "and".

 

  • by and large = in general.
    I guess the team played quite well, by and large.
  • chapter and verse = with a lot of details.
    The teacher gave them chapter and verse about where to find the information.
  • far and wide = everywhere.
    She tried far and wide to find the keys but she couldn't. She had to take a taxi instead.
  • first and foremost = most important.
    First and foremost, I would like to thank you all for this welcome.
  • forgive and forget = forget enmity.
    Let's be friends again, I'm sorry for what I've done, but you have to forgive and forget.
  • free and easy = relaxed, friendly.
    She knew that life wouldn't be so free and easy at work.
  • hit and miss = random.
    I don't know how to operate this machine, it's just a question of hit and miss for me!
  • live and learn = become wiser.
    You trusted her and she deceived you. You live and learn, so don't get fooled again.
  • in and out = entering and leaving a place.
    The boss has been in and out all day, to see if the employees were working.
  • loud and clear = very clearly.
    Even though he was 400km away, I could hear him loud and clear on the telephone line.
  • now and again = occasionally.
    They like to go to a concert now and again.
  • on and off = not all the time, at irregular intervals.
    It's been raining on and off all day, I hate this kind of weather.
  • over and out = message used to end a radio communication.
    Understood. Over and out.
  • sink or swim = be successful or fail.
    This a very difficult job, you have to be careful. It's really sink or swim.
  • up and about = in good health.
    After the accident, he recovered very well, he's now up and about.
  • wait and see = wait patiently.
    We don't know if this government will be able to put his plans into practice. We have to wait and see.

 

Exercise
Choose the right answer.

1. People came from  to see this concert.

2. We got your message .

3. I guess we'll just how things develop.

4. It's good to see you again!

5. , the new arrangements have worked well so far.

6. The guide won't help you much, you are really left to .

7. We see our in-laws .

8. What if we stop arguing? Let's .

Score:
   
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