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English Vocabulary - Vocabulario de inglés
IDIOMS WITH COLOURS
¿Qué es un idiom?
Un "idiom" o "idiomatic expression" es una frase idiomática utilizada en lenguaje coloquial informal. En general, el significado de la frase en sí es diferente al significado normal de cada palabra por separado. Por ejemplo, "to let the cat out of the bag" significa "revelar un secreto". Si traducimos palabra por palabra, sería "dejar salir al gato de la bolsa", lo cual es incorrecto.

La dificultad para los estudiantes de inglés radica en que no pueden traducirse literalmente y deben aprenderse de memoria, aunque en algunos casos existen equivalentes muy similares en el idioma español.

Lee las explicaciones de cada idiom y luego realiza el ejercicio.

Idioms with BLACK

  • to be in the black = have money in one's bank account. (The opposite is to be in the red)
    I'm still in the black, so I don't need your money.
  • to black out = lose consciousness or memory temporarily.
    The plane dived suddenly, causing the pilot to black out.
  • a black day = an unhappy day when something bad happens.
    9/11 was a black day in history.
  • a blacklist = list of people who are considered undesirable.
    You are not on the blacklist yet, but be careful...
  • a black look = a look of anger.
    When Sarah heard him talk like that, she gave him a black look.
  • black market = illegal trade.
  • black and blue = covered with bruises.
  • in black and white = in writing or in print.
    Do you understand? Or shall I put it in black and white?
  • not so black as somebody is painted = not as bad as people believe.
    Peter is a nice person, he's not so black as he is painted.
  • the black sheep (of the family) = person whose conduct is considered to be a disgrace to the family. Story
  • the pot calling the kettle black = the accuser having the same fault as the person he is accusing.
    She accused us of being extravagant! Talk about the pot calling the kettle black!

 

Exercise
Choose the right answer.

1. If you do that again, I will beat you.

2. Hah! You say I'm slow at work? And you? Talk about .

3. This has been a for the car industry with more job losses announced.

4. For a few seconds, he felt like he was going to .

5. For me, Denise is a friendly girl. She's not .

6. The government has created a of environmentally damaging products.

7. Laura was so angry that she gave her husband a .

Score:
   
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