¿Qué es un idiom?
Un "idiom" o "idiomatic expression" es una frase idiomática utilizada en lenguaje coloquial informal. En general, el significado de la frase en sí es diferente al significado normal de cada palabra por separado. Por ejemplo, "to let the cat out of the bag" significa "revelar un secreto". Si traducimos palabra por palabra, sería "dejar salir al gato de la bolsa", lo cual es incorrecto.
La dificultad para los estudiantes de inglés radica en que no pueden traducirse literalmente y deben aprenderse de memoria, aunque en algunos casos existen equivalentes muy similares en el idioma español.
Lee las explicaciones de cada idiom y luego realiza el ejercicio.
Idioms with HEART
to have the heart to do something = be unfeeling enough to do something. I hadn't the heart to refuse.
to have one's heart in one's mouth = be badly frightened. I was alone and when the lights went out, I had my heart in my mouth!
to have one's heart in the right place = have good intentions. His gifts are always tacky, but he has his heart in the right place.
to do something to one's heart's content = do something as much as one wishes.
There will be lots of food, so you'll be able to eat to your heart's content.
to learn/know something by heart = from memory. He knows the poem by heart.
to lose heart = become discouraged. She had so many job refusals that she's beginning to lose heart.
to set one's heart on something = want something very much.
She had set her heart on becoming a policewoman.
to take something to heart = be much affected or upset by something.
I took your criticism very much to heart.
at heart = in one's real nature. I'm a country girl at heart.
from the bottom of one's heart = sincerely. This advice comes from the bottom of my heart.
after one's own heart = of exactly the type one likes best. He likes good wine too, he's obviously a man after my own heart.
a heart of gold = a very kind nature. He looks bad-tempered but really he's got a heart of gold.
a heart of stone = a pitiless and unfeeling nature. He doesn't care about others, he's got a heart of stone.
We thank Fania Reyes (from Monterrey, Mexico) for her suggestion.
Choose the right answer.
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